Ordinary naturalization may be granted to those who fulfill the following conditions:
I – Have civilian capacity, according to the Brazilian law;
II – Be in a permanent resident condition, for at least 4 (four) years immediately prior to the request for naturalization (or 1 year if married or have Brazilian offspring);
III – communicate in Portuguese, considering the requester’s conditions; and
IV – have no criminal conviction or is rehabilitated, under the terms of the law.
Extraordinary naturalization shall be granted to any person of any nationality who has been established in Brazil for more than 15 uninterrupted years and without criminal conviction, if it requires Brazilian citizenship.
Special Brazilian naturalization is that granted to a spouse or partner, for more than 5 years, as a member of the Brazilian Foreign Service in activity or as a person serving the Brazilian State abroad; he/she was or has been employed in a diplomatic mission or consular post in Brazil for more than 10 uninterrupted years. The requirements for the special naturalization grant are:
- Have civilian capacity, according to the Brazilian law;
- Communicate in Portuguese, considering the requester’s conditions; and
- Have no criminal conviction or is rehabilitated, under the terms of the law.
Provisional naturalization may be granted to a child or adolescent migrant who has resided in the national territory before the age of 10 and must be requested through his/her legal representative. This kind of naturalization may become definitive upon express request within two years after the requester reaches the age of majority.
1. Based on previous cases, once the process has been filed with all documents, the analysis of the Ministry of Justice has taken from 1 to 3 years.
After publication in the Official Gazette, the requester will be summoned by the Federal Court to attend a ceremony to officially become a Brazilian citizen and return the CRNE.
2. Naturalization will only take effect upon the delivery of the certificate that confers on the naturalized person the enjoyment of all civil and political rights determined by the Brazilian Federal Constitution.
Naturalization does not extend to dependents, and must be requested individually.
Undetermined or, in the case of provisional naturalization, until the age of civil majority.
The transformation of provisional naturalization into definitive must be required within two years after the age of majority.